Five simple steps to prevent cancer

 Five simple steps to prevent cancer

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. It is estimated that approximately 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer globally, clearly indicating that it is now a growing problem worldwide. But research shows that cancer is a preventable disease and only five per cent of cancers are hereditary. That means the lifestyle choices we make, the food we eat, and our level of physical activity increase our overall cancer risk. Can have a direct impact

The global event aims to raise awareness and education about cancer every year and to save millions of preventable deaths by helping people and parties around the world take action against the disease. The primary goal of World Cancer Day is to significantly reduce the disease and death due to cancer by 2020

In India, cancer is the second largest killer after heart disease and the trend is increasing at an alarming pace with more than 1 million new cases of cancer diagnosed every year in the country. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research, India is expected to see 17.3 lakh new cases of cancer and more than 8.8 lakh deaths due to the disease by 2020, including breast cancer, lung, and cervical cancer. In 2012, more than 60,000 deaths occurred in India from cancer.

Almost one-third of mortality from cancer is due to five major behavioural and dietary risks, such as high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activities, tobacco, and alcohol usage. Thus, it has been well accepted that your chances of developing cancer are influenced by your lifestyle choices. Why not take steps to prevent or reduce the risk of cancer? Consider these five cancer prevention steps:

Avoid tobacco

Tobacco use is the most preventable cause of cancer, including many other non-communicable diseases. Smoking is associated with various types of cancer - including lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney cancer. Smoking second-hand lung cancer in non-smoking adults. Smoke-free tobacco also called chewing tobacco, causes oral, oesophageal, and pancreatic cancer.

Eat a healthy diet

Opt for a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and beans that are full of nutrients. Cut down on refined sugars and fats from animal sources. Besides, eating large amounts of it as a cut on processed meat can increase the risk of certain types of cancer.

A Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts is associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in women.

Drink in moderation

If you prefer to drink alcohol, only do so in quiet. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of developing some types of cancers - especially cancers of the mouth, throat, oesophagus, bowel, liver and breast.

Stay active and maintain a healthy weight

Being overweight can put you at greater risk of getting cancer. Keep a healthy weight through a diet and exercise. Exercising regularly can reduce the risk of cancer. Experts recommend exercising for at least 30 minutes a week - at least five days a week

Regular medical care

By following all these simple rules for your health, make sure that you get regular medical care. Regular self-examination and screening for various types of cancer can help you with cancer detection and treatment can save your life. Depending on your risk factors or age, your doctor may be asked about the best cancer screening program. Can ask

So, if you are concerned about cancer prevention, start taking steps today. It will make a big difference, perhaps, the prize will end a lifetime.

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